Robot-assisted thoracic surgery
Topic Status Complete
Robot-assisted thoracic surgery.
Outcome of the appraisal
Robot-assisted thoracic surgery shows promise for lung resection, but there is currently insufficient evidence to support routine adoption.
The current evidence indicates that robot-assisted thoracic surgery may improve some short-term outcomes compared with conventional surgical approaches but long-term benefits are uncertain. Robot-assisted thoracic surgery is more costly than other types of surgery.
Further research is needed to define the possible impact of robot-assisted surgery on long term survival and disease recurrence as well as on patient experience and post-operative recovery.
Why was this topic appraised?
Robot-assisted thoracic surgery is a form of minimally invasive surgery for people undergoing resection of lung tissue for cancer or other conditions. Current treatment involves either an open operation or a different minimally invasive approach that uses instruments guided by an invasive camera (video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery). The potential advantages of robot-assisted surgery are that it might improve surgical precision as well as offer less invasive surgery and wider removal of diseased tissues.